Ukraine signed agreement on grain export with Turkey and the UN
On July 22, Ukraine, Turkey, and the UN signed an agreement on the safe export of grain through the Black Sea.
It is stated in the ceremony broadcast.
On behalf of Ukraine, the document was signed by the Minister of Infrastructure, Oleksandr Kubrakov.
Mykhailo Podolyak, the adviser to the head of the President's Office, emphasized that Ukraine does not sign any documents with russia.
"We sign an agreement with Turkey and the UN and undertake obligations to them. russia signs a mirror agreement with Turkey and the UN," he wrote. Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu signed the agreement with Turkey and the UN on behalf of russia.
The agreement will not provide for the escort of transport by russian ships and the presence of russian representatives in Ukrainian ports.
"In case of provocations, there is an immediate military response," Podolyak noted. He adds that if necessary, all inspections of transport ships will be carried out by joint teams in Turkish waters.
What does the agreement provide?
The agreements provide for the unblocking of three Ukrainian ports: Odesa, Chornomorsk, and Pivdenny, for the export of grain and food, according to Deputy Minister of Infrastructure Mustafa Nayem.
Control over the ports remains with the Ukrainian side. Only ships that ensure the export of grain and related food and fertilizers will be in the ports.
According to UP, a Joint Coordination Center (JCC) will be created in Istanbul under the auspices of the UN, which will include representatives of Ukraine, russia, Turkey, and the UN. This center will provide overall oversight of compliance with the Initiative.
It will create inspection groups.
All merchant vessels participating in this Initiative will be subject to inspection by an inspection team at ports designated by Turkey on entry/exit to/from the Turkish Straits.
All activities in Ukrainian territorial waters will be carried out under the authority and responsibility of Ukraine.
No warships, planes, or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) can approach the maritime humanitarian corridor closer than the distance agreed by the JCC.
The contract will be valid for 120 days from the date of signing and will be automatically renewed if neither party notifies that they want to terminate it.